Policy

Egypt – The fall of the Muslim Brotherhood


A recent study published Tuesday by the Trends Research and Advisory Center indicated that the popularity of the terrorist organization in Egypt has declined.

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The study focused on the causes of this major decline, one of the most important reasons for which was the rise of Mohamed Morsi to power in Egypt and the popular opposition against his administration, because of its lack of vision and experience in governing the country, and its inability to understand the need for people’s freedom and diversity in society. Factors that had to lead to large-scale protests on June 30, 2013, coinciding with Morsi’s first anniversary in his position, ended in the military’s intervention and the removal of the Brotherhood president from office.

The study confirms that the Muslim Brotherhood movement expanded within a few years after its founding in 1928 by Hassan el-Banna in Egypt.

Shortly after moving to Cairo in 1932, it had more than 100 branches in 1936, bringing the number to 400 by the end of the 1930s. The pace of expansion and influence doubled during the 1940s, bringing the number of branches to 2,000 in 1949. The number of members of the Brotherhood was estimated at between 300,000 and 600,000.

Among the factors that helped the organization expand within Egyptian society were the exploitation of the political opportunities offered by the successive political regimes that ruled Egypt, and the creation by the group of an administrative system that governs the centrality of decision-making is based on loyalty and confidentiality and connects ideology with practice.

The organization builds social engineering through which it gains the minds and hearts of popular groups, which helps mobilize and recruit to achieve its goals, using covers for its real purposes, including advocacy, education, media, social services, economic institutions and even violence.

The organization also exploited the employment of NGOs to serve its political goals, attract new members, and mobilize the masses in the electoral process, which it conducted in local, parliamentary, and presidential elections.

The organization focuses on a policy of systemic contact with people in residential neighborhoods, labor centers and markets to establish ties that are manifested in solidarity and solidarity by establishing a network of charities in the fields of education, health and social services.

After Nasser’s regime

The same study mentioned that Egypt witnessed major political changes during the 1970s, including President Anouar el-Sadate’s reconciliation with the Muslim Brotherhood; At a time when the organization was in dire need of expanding its influence in society after the years of prohibition during the rule of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

During the years of the el-Sadate and Hosni Moubarak eras, the Muslim Brotherhood was able to exert its influence through so-called charities. With the organization’s leader, Mohamed Morsi, taking office on June 30, 2012, following Egypt’s first elections after President Hosni Moubarak stepped down, the organization’s true face became apparent to the Egyptian people.

The group’s interests and supporters dominated transactions of all kinds, and development projects were absent when the Freedom and Justice Party came to full power.

The movement also faced accusations of seeking to betray the state and society, and of being keen on positions and achieving partisan benefits at the expense of the security and stability of Egyptian citizens. All of this led to a state of anger and congestion that soon erupted in protests that had a decisive word and toppled an organization that proved loyal only to extremist ideology.

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