January 25 marks the tenth anniversary of the Egyptian revolution that changed the internal political scene of the country and allowed the Muslim Brotherhood to reach the power, after the election of Mohamed Morsi in June 2012, following the overthrow of the regime of the former President Hosni Mubarak.
The power of the brotherhood did not remain for long, as Morsi was quickly overthrown on July 3, 2013, that ask many questions, the most important is how did the brotherhood run the country? Could the group successfully manage a condition? And most importantly, does the group recognize the existence of the state and have a sense of belonging to the state?
In this context, Washington Institute for Near East Policy researcher Eric Treasure reported in his book The Arab Fall: How Did the Muslim Brotherhood gain and lose Egypt in 891 Days? The military’s decision against Morsi was not the inevitable result of its determination to deprive the Muslim Brotherhood of their place in political power, but it was the group’s lack of vision and competence that led to a large manifestation in Egypt to demand reform.
Maybe the most important criticism directed against Mohamed Morsi’s power is his reliance primarily on the Muslim Brotherhood without seeking to form a broader political consensus that includes the various sects and political orientations in Egypt.
Opponents of the Morsi regime believe that the entry of the Muslim Brotherhood into the line of the January 25, 2011 revolution was not intended to reform, however it was to implement an experience of domination Islamic in Egypt. Although Morsi declared that he was the president of all Egyptians, in all his speeches. He gave the Islamists the large part in the important positions of the state, including some important ministries.
He also dismissed many conservatives, replacing almost half of them with members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and appointing former jihadist elements, such as the choice of Adel al-Khayyat, a member of the construction party and of development, which constitutes the political wing of the Islamic group, as governor of Luxor. It was in fact a step that some considered to be devoid of any political sense, also the fact that the Islamic group was accused of being involved in the Luxor massacre in November 1997 that killed almost sixty tourists and took a considerable negative impact on tourism in Egypt.
Morsi was not able to rule Egypt because the country needed a strong man who could extend his influence over all positions of the state and ensure the loyalty of all, including the army, which was not present in the late president.
Morsi ran for the presidency with the program of the renaissance project, and the Muslim Brotherhood affirmed in his statement that they had a project for the renaissance of the country in various fields, and that its candidate carries this project as the Egyptian people support, and the group and the party seek to achieve it so that Egypt passes through to safety and to occupy its proper position among the nations and peoples. However Morsi broke his election promises during his year of power.
Morsi’s opponents insist that his fundamental error is the exclusion of others and the privilege of power by the Muslim Brotherhood.