Policy

The Turkish presence … Interogate about the possibility of its continuation even after the election of a new regime in Somalia


On the eve of January 25, 2021, at least 15 people were killed in a conflict in the town of Baradava. The conflict came from the ascetics of Jubaland and the government forces of Gurgur, who received Turkish armaments and military training.

This milestone shows the scale of Turkey’s involvement in the internal Somali war, which the federal government tried to describe as a war between Kenya and neighboring Somalia. After the drought caused more than one in a million lives in Somalia, the provision of humanitarian aid to Somalia proved that Turkey’s presence in Somalia can be traced back to 2010.

However, after the drought ended, large Turkish companies effectively replaced Turkish agencies and aid organizations, and thus could manage the main port of Mogadiscio in the capital Mogadiscio and Adam Adi International Airport, and manage health and education institutions and organizations.

Throughout the country! In the past decade, Turkey’s influence on the situation in Somalia was limited to humanitarian aid and investment. However, it has recently been discovered that Turkey is seeking to implement a Qatar plan aimed at establishing an authoritarian administrative system in Somalia loyal to the Turkey-Qatar axis.

However, the effective replacement of Turkish agencies and aid organizations by giant Turkish companies after the end of the drought allowed to manage the main port of Mogadiscio and the Adam Adi International Airport in the capital, Mogadiscio, as well as management of health and educational establishments and centers across the country! Turkish influence on the situation in Somalia over the past decade has been limited only to the areas of humanitarian aid and investment. However, it has recently emerged that Turkey is seeking to implement a Qatari plan that aims to establish an authoritarian administrative system in Somalia loyal to the Turkish-Qatari axis.

Harmad: 900 to 1,000 composed of the police forces, are trained at the Turkish base in Mogadiscio, then transferred to Turkey in order to have additional training. Moreover, they receive arms and ammunition from Turkey, which always takes care of them. Even though they are police forces, they receive orders directly from President Farmaajo!

In proportion to what was released by Reuters news agency in December 2020, Turkey intends to arm Somali Hamad police forces with 1,000 machine guns and 150,000 bullets, which prompted the Alliance of Council of candidates to send protest letters to protesters.

On December 16, 2020, due to concerns about the abuse of such weapons, the Turkish Embassy in Somalia called on Turkey to postpone its weapons program until the end of the 2021 election season. The Elmade police participated in the political conflict during the election. According to members of the Candidate Coalition Council, these forces had previously blocked the road to the headquarters of certain presidential candidates.

 Gurgur: Special forces received advanced training at the Turkish base in Mogadiscio (Turksom). Their numbers ranged from 4,500 to 5,000 soldiers. They obtained weapons and ammunition from Turkey. In addition to receiving orders directly from President Famaajo, they also obeyed the orders of Turkish officials at the Turkish base. In Mogadiscio, these forces are stationed in: Mogadiscio, Tasmirrib and Baladhava. The Turkish base in Mogadiscio is the country’s main and largest base.

The military battalion of Gurgor is part of the political struggle for the next elections, as the federal government transferred troops from the battalion to the province of Gedo, waged a war with the troops of the national administration of Jubaland, and then took them expelled from most parts of the province. And control the positions of Jubaran’s troops in the province. In addition, some ministers of state said that, for reasons related to the upcoming elections, the federal government started transferring hundreds of Gurgor soldiers on three planes to the town of Tusumareb, the capital of Galmadhu, in December 2020.

All these steps seem to mark the end of Turkey’s relations with Somali parties in the centralization policy of the past decade, which has allowed Turkey to cooperate with three consecutive administrative systems to guide and coordinate the work of the Somali people. However, because the Turks are caught in difficult issues such as internal conflicts, observers want to know how Turkey will continue its activities in Somalia if the current regime cannot regain power. Repression of peaceful protesters in Mogadiscio!

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