After 6 months of the Sudanese war, more than 6 million Sudanese people have been displaced and uprooted due to the greed of the Brotherhood and their control over the army and the Rapid Support Forces through Sudanese calculations. After 6 months of the Sudanese war, more than 6 million Sudanese people have been displaced and uprooted due to the greed of the Brotherhood and their control over the army and the Rapid Support Forces through Sudanese calculations.
The resurgence of the Sudanese Brotherhood is neither new nor surprising. This step was preceded by previous attempts in April, involving widespread sabotage and looting of citizens’ homes, company headquarters, and factories.
When the henchmen of the ousted President Omar al-Bashir’s regime failed to achieve their goal, some leaders in the states incited fighting and war, exploiting the crisis heinously, igniting widespread anger and discontent.
Many are concerned that the fugitive Brotherhood leaders, whom Sudanese people call “the a-Kaizan,” will exploit the current dire situation, further fuel the conflict between the army and the Rapid Support Forces, carry out assassinations, and pave the way for their return to power once again.
The displacement and uprooting of the Sudanese people after 6 months of the Sudanese war constitute a massive humanitarian catastrophe that requires urgent international intervention and support. Reports indicate that the greed of the Brotherhood and their control over the army and Hemedti are the main reasons behind this humanitarian disaster.
Displacement and Uprooting of the Sudanese People
As the war reached the first six months, nearly 6 million people were forced to flee their homes. There are approximately 4.5 million internally displaced persons in Sudan, including an estimated 105,000 currently pregnant women. Over 1.2 million people have sought refuge from the ongoing conflict in neighboring countries such as the Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. Nearly nine out of ten of the displaced are women and children.
Exploitation and Sexual Violence
Women and girls have been left struggling to access reproductive health services and life-saving protection. About 80% of hospitals in conflict-affected areas are out of service. In areas such as Khartoum, Darfur, and Kordofan, less than one-third of health facilities are functioning at full capacity. All Sudanese states report severe shortages of medicines and supplies, including lifesaving maternal health drugs. In neighboring countries, infrastructure and basic services are inadequate, and the influx of displaced people seeking refuge is overwhelming.
Sexual violence and gender-based violence have had a severe impact on women and girls, as access to protection and support services in Sudan and across borders is gravely endangered. The risks of exploitation and sexual assault for women and children living in temporary shelters or overcrowded displacement sites have increased.
The United Nations Population Fund coordinates efforts with national governments, state governments, and humanitarian partners to increase support and services urgently needed for reproductive health, gender-based violence prevention and response in areas with large populations of internally displaced persons in Sudan and in reception/displacement sites in neighboring countries. This includes deploying midwives, mobile teams, and supplies for emergency obstetric care and clinical management of rape to meet the health and protection needs of displaced women and girls.